Hormones and Courage
Testosterone can predict which chess player will play better under pressure, as well as the performance of elite surgeons. In each case, these performers need to be able to take the necessary risks to be effective even when they feel a level of fear. The research points out that testosterone does not lead to taking “stupid risks,” rather testosterone keeps emotions from interfering with our cognitive processing, allowing a leader to think and behave more, not less, rationally. While its true women have 7-8 times less testosterone than men, it is irrelevant as it is the relative amount of testosterone in the body compared to other chemicals that matters, not the absolute amount.
At the same time, individuals who perform better under pressure also have low cortisol, meaning they are less anxious when it comes to managing pressure. They are able to stay the course even when things aren’t going smoothly and are better able to be non-defensive when getting feedback.
A leader’s brain is constantly fluctuating in its neurochemical levels and these hormones affect their levels of confidence and the type of behavior they choose to engage in, especially when it comes to pressure situations.
Content from: Training Industry
Hormones and Overall Well-being (Women)
Benefits of Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy
Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy is finding increasing research, use and support as a viable alternative to conventional hormone replacement therapy. In part, the move away from synthetic hormone replacement has increased as a result of the results of the U.S. government-sponsored Women's Health Initiative study in 2002, which found that the risks of conventional hormone replacement therapy outweighed the benefits.
Diminished Breast Cancer Risk
Bioidentical progesterone is associated with less risk for breast cancer by comparison to its synthetic counterpart, progestin, reports a study published in the January 2009 journal "Postgraduate Medicine", citing supportive evidence from both physiological and clinical data. A study published in the July-August 2008 journal "Maturitas" drew similar conclusions, stating that the use of natural progesterone and estrogens confers less or even no risk of breast cancer, as opposed to the use of synthetic progestins. According to the September 2006 "Alternative Medicine Review," progesterone serves the purpose of opposing estrogen's effects of increasing and multiplying breast cells, which is not the case with synthetic progestins. Progesterone, in fact, increases apoptosis, or programmed cell death, conferring a suppressive effect on cancerous cell growth and reproduction.
Improvement in Circulation
Evidence exists for a beneficial effect of natural progesterone on blood vessels, according to "Maturitas," with lower risk for cardiovascular disease. "Alternative Medicine Review" describes that bioidentical progesterone and estrogen have none of the negative effects on blood lipids or vasculature, specifically, the occurrence of blood clots that are associated with synthetic progesterone. According to the "Alternative Medicine Review," use of progesterone cream results in none of the biological markers for inflammation or clotting compared to synthetic hormones. Bioidentical progesterone has also been found to preserve the beneficial effects of estrogen on increasing HDL levels, whereas the synthetic version does not. Additionally, according to the "Alternative Medicine Review," a synthetic progesterone known as medroxyprogesterone acetate, or, MPA, increases atherosclerosis in coronary arteries, suppresses the protective effect of estrogen on arterial injury, increases insulin resistance and weakens the beneficial effects of estrogen on vasodilation.
Relief of Menopause Symptoms
Bioidentical progesterone has been found to be more effective at relieving a variety of menopause-related symptoms, including sleep disturbance, mental clarity and cognition versus synthetic progesterone, according to "Alternative Medicine Review." It is also better tolerated with fewer complications and side effects. With regard to counteracting the cognitive effects of menopause and the aging process, both estrogen and progesterone confer protective benefits. Progesterone supports myelin formation---the substance that insulates nerve fibers---and activates the neurotransmitter GABA, and estrogen improves blood flow and stimulates serotonin and norepinephrine. By contrast, equine estrogen and synthetic progestins increase risk of dementia.
Hormones and Overall Well-being (Men)
Solutions for male menopause
Andropause /an•dro•pause/ (an´dro-pawz) a variable complex of symptoms, including decreased Leydig cell numbers and androgen production, occurring in men after middle age, purported to be analogous to menopause in women.*
Experts say 52 percent of men age 40 to 70 have erectile problems – that’s about 30 million men in the United States. Is the answer a prescription like Viagra, or could it be andropause?
Andropause is referred to as the male menopause, or colloquially as “manopause.” Each of these terms is used to describe the gradual decline of testosterone experienced by many men as they age. Testosterone levels typically peak in a man’s mid-to-late 20s and gradually decline with each passing year. As testosterone production declines, levels of other hormones, such as estrogen, begin to increase. These incessant fluctuations in hormone levels make it increasingly difficult for remaining testosterone to function effectively. The resulting deficiency of testosterone brings on many of the same symptoms that women experience during menopause: hot flashes, night sweats, weight gain, irritability, diminished sex drive, fatigue, hair loss, insomnia and decreased muscle mass.
The key difference between menopause and andropause is that with andropause, hormone imbalances evolve gradually over time causing symptoms to go unnoticed or are dismissed as a normal part of the aging process.
Testosterone assists the male body in building protein and is crucial for normal sex drive, stamina and the ability to achieve erection. Testosterone also contributes to several metabolic functions including bone formation, liver function, prostate gland growth and production of blood cells in bone marrow.
While testosterone is declining in men, the sex binding hormone globulin (SHBG), also called androgen-binding protein, increases in levels. SHGB inhibits a substantial portion of remaining testosterone from working - the remaining working testosterone is referred to as bio-available testosterone or “free T.” Bio-available testosterone declines with time, causing the development of symptoms classically associated andropause.
The risks and benefits of testosterone replacement may be evaluated by a qualified hormone therapy expert. Androgen replacement therapy is not a one size fits all treatment - testosterone replacement therapy is a treatment for men with low testosterone who want to boost their health and overall well-being. Through hormone therapy and a regimented treatment plan, the aches and pains of andropause may be minimized or eliminated – without the risk – testosterone therapy is not linked to prostate cancer and has been shown to improve cholesterol levels and decreases the risk of heart disease.
Content for first article from: Livestrong
Content for second article from: Fox News
Hormones and Sex
Can Hormone Replacement Boost My Sex Drive?
If you're older and find your sex drive is not what it used to be, you may consider replenishing hormones naturally depleted with age—estrogen for women past menopause and testosterone for men.
Some women need a postmenopausal boost
The use of hormones to treat sex drive problems in women is highly controversial. Some sexual medicine specialists still swear by estrogen as a good fit for postmenopausal women who feel their drive needs a boost. But a major study conducted in 2002 linked oral hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with increased rates of breast cancer, stroke, and other dangerous disorders. Doctors are much more cautious about prescribing HRT for any use and some advise strongly against it.
Locally applied estrogen may be a viable alternative for women with low libidos, some experts say. Some women also report improvements after using the estrogen ring, which is inserted vaginally and left in place for three months. Both help to alleviate vaginal dryness and restore elasticity to the vagina—common complaints that can sometimes be linked to sex drive problems in postmenopausal women.
Men often see a change too
Men with libido problems can ask their doctors about testosterone replacement therapy if their hormone levels turn out to be lower than the norm for their age.
Though men's hormone levels don't drop with age as predictably as women's do with menopause, most men do experience a change, and low testosterone can affect mood, sex drive, and sexual function.
Content from: Health.com
Hormones and Youth
Although the wisdom that comes with age is nice, the wrinkles, ailing joints and general frailty are not. That’s why it is no surprise that ‘anti-aging’ is such a hot topic. Luckily, the key to anti-aging is within your reach. When it comes to relaying messages, inducing reactions and protecting tissue – it’s all about your hormones.
Your hormones are chemical messengers that are keeping your body functioning. From regulating metabolism and growth to controlling immune function and reproduction, hormones are major players in all that you do and all that you are – physically at least.
Most people associate human growth hormone and DHEA with aging, but progesterone, testosterone, estrogen and cortisol play a role in aging as well. If the delicate balance of any one of these hormones is destroyed, it can take a serious toll on your body, mind and spirit – and be mistaken as classic signs of aging.
Content from: Fox News